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[信息] 高考英语词汇之B开头的词汇 [复制链接]

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    发表于 2018-9-13 18:44:02 |显示全部楼层
      高考英语考纲词汇3500词及解析:B开头的词汇,下面为广大考生整理最新高考复习资料,更多高考备考技巧也可关注下北京新东方优能中学的高考英语系列课程,相信可以帮助到大家。
      高考英语考纲词汇3500词及解析汇总
      B
      1. back adv.回(原处);向后 adj.后面的 n. 背后,后部;背
      back and forth 来回,往返; back to back 背靠背
      behind one’s back 背后; look back 回顾
      put back 放回去; turn one’s back on 避开,不理睬
      2. ◎backward adv. backward and forward 来来回回
      bend /lean over backward to do 竭尽全力去做…
      3. baggage n.行李 a piece of/an article of baggage
      4. ◎balance 1) n. ① 平衡 keep a balance (between A and B) lose one’s balance
      disturb the balance of one’s mind
      ② 余额 (常用单数) check your bank balance
      ③ 欠款(常用单数)The balance of 500 yuan must be paid within 90 days.
      短语 be/ hang in the balance 不明朗的,未定的, 悬而未决的
      catch / throw sb. off balance 使…失去平衡; 使…不知所措 on balance 总的来说
      2)v.①保持平衡 ~(sth)on sth balance on one leg
      He balanced the cup on her knee.
      ②同等重视 balance A with/ and B balance home life with career
      ③比较权衡 balance A against B balance the cost against its benefit
      balanced adj. be on a balanced diet
      5. ●ban n.禁令 v. 禁止,取缔 a ban on smoking 禁烟令
      place… under ban 对…加以禁止 ban sb. from sth./ doing 禁止某人做
      6. ◎bar 1) n. 条,块 a bar of chocolate / soap 障碍 Being a woman was a bar to promotion.
      2) vt. 封堵 All the doors and windows were barred.
      阻止 bar sb. from ... bar players from drinking
      7. bargain n. (经讨价还价之后)成交的商品;廉价货
      Those shoes are a real bargain at such a low price.v. 讨价还价 bargain with sb about /over sth
      8. base n. 根据地,基地 v.以...为基地, 把基地设在
      1) base sth on/upon sth 以…为基础 His book is based on a true story.
      2) be based in以...为基地,把基地设在 The toy company is based in Guangzhou.
      basic adj 基本的basic knowledge/skills basically adv.
      9. ◎basis (复数 bases )
      1)基础,要素 form the basis of…
      2) 基准,原则 on a regular /permanent basis 以定期的/永久的方式
      3) 原因,缘由 on the basis of… Some videos were banned on the basis of violence.
      10. bath n.洗澡;浴室;澡盆; have/take a bath
      bathe v. 洗澡,游泳 be bathed in …沉浸在,沐浴着(光线) bathroom n.浴室
      11. bear (bore, born/borne) v.
      1)承受 (重量) The ice is too thin to bear your weight.
      2) 负担, 承担 bear the cost/ burden/responsibility
      3)忍受;容忍 (常用于疑问句、否定句,与can, could 连用) bear to do/doing
      4) bear…in mind 记住
      12. beat v (beat ,beaten) 连续有节奏的敲击 My heart is beating faster than usual.
      Waves are beating the shore. 击败: He beat me in the game. ※ beat & hit &strike & knock
      13. before It will be +段时间+before+ do/does…要过多久才…
      It was +段时间+before+ did…没过多久就…
      14. beg 乞求,请求 beg—begged—begged—begging beg sb. to do 请求、乞求某人做某事
      I beg your pardon. 对不起、请原谅(降调) 请再讲一遍(降调)
      15. begin—began—begun—beginning begin with=start with 以…开始
      to begin with=to start with (插入语)首先、第一
      I don’t like living here. To begin with, the room is far too small.
      16. beginning n.开始,开端 at the beginning of… in the beginning= at first
      17. ◎behave v. 表现 He behaved as if nothing had happened.
      behave badly/well/like a true gentleman
      behave oneself 表现得体,有礼貌 well / badly behaved children
      18. ◎ behavior n. 不可数 good/ bad behavior
      be on your best behavior 尽量表现得体
      19. behind drop/ fall behind 落后 leave sb./sth. behind 遗落、忘带
      20. ◎belief n. (不可数) 1)相信,信心 belief in I admire his belief in what he is doing.
      2) 看法,信念 (不可数) He acted in the belief that he was doing good.
      There is a general belief that things will soon get better.
      3) 信仰 (可数 beliefs) religious/ political beliefs
      短语 beyond belief 难以置信 to the best of one’s belief 尽其所知
      21. believe believe it or not (插入语)信不信由你
      It is believed that he is a good teacher. =He is believed to be a good teacher.
      22. belong belong to 属于(无被动) The house belonging to her is under repair.
      23. bend v. 弯曲、弯腰、伏案 bend—bent—bent
      She was bent over her desk writing a letter. 她正伏案写信。
      24. ◎benefit 1) n. 优势,益处(不可数)She didn’t get much benefit from her staying abroad.
      短语: be of benefit to...=be beneficial to ... to one’s benefit 对某人有利
      for one’s benefit = for the benefit of sb. 为了帮助.../为了某人的利益
      2) vt./ vi. benefit sb./ sth benefit from/ by...
      beneficial adj. 有益的,有用的 be beneficial to ...
      25. best do/ try one’s best to do 尽全力做 make the best of…尽量利用
      all the best (书信结语)一切顺利、万事如意
      26. better had better do…最好做… 否定:had better not do
      be better worth reading 更值得读 be better known 更著名的
      27. beyond 超出、超过 beyond one’s imagination/description 难以想象/描述
      beyond one’s power 超出能力范围 beyond my wildest dreams 做梦也没想到
      28. ●bid –bid- bid- bidding v. 出价,投标 n 投标 bid for sth.
      I bid 2000 dollars for the painting. 我出价20000美元买这幅画。
      The highest bid for the picture was 20000. 这幅画的最高出价是两万
      29. birth n.出生、诞生 at birth 出生时 give birth to 生下、孕育了
      30. biscuit 饼干c/n some chocolate biscuits
      31. bit 1) a bit of+不可数n.= a little +不可数n. He can speak a bit of French.
      2) a bit/a little +比较级 a bit more slowly 3) not a bit=not at all 一点儿也不、毫不
      32. blame 1)be to blame 应该受到责备(主动表被动) 2) blame sb. for doing→sb. be blamed for …
      33.◎blank
      1) n. 空白处,空格 fill in the blanks
      (记忆中的)空白,遗忘 My mind was a blank and I couldn’t remember her name.
      2) adj. 空白的,无装饰的,无图画的 a blank form/ wall
      不理解的,没表情的,空虚的 a blank expression Suddenly my mind went blank.
      34. be blind to 对…视而不见、熟视无睹 =turn a blind eye to
      35. blow v. (blew blown) 吹、刮 blow down 吹倒 blow up 爆炸、炸毁
      n. 打击 give sb. a blow 给某人打击
      36. board n. 木板、布告牌 v. 登上 on board 在船(车、飞机) board a train 上火车
      37. book c/n 书 v. 预定(车、船)票 book a room/ ticket
      38. ◎bored adj. be bored with... / to death. boring adj. a boring job /book/man
      39. ◎bother vt./vi. 1) 花费时间精力做某事(常用于否定句,疑问句中)
      ① bother with/ about sth ---Shall I wait? ---No, don’t bother.
      It’s not worth bothering with an umbrella.
      ② bother to do He didn’t even bother to let me know he was coming.
      ③ bother doing Why bother asking if you are not really interested?
      2) 给...造成麻烦,痛苦 使...烦恼,担忧
      ① bother sb with/ about... I don’t want to bother her with my problems.
      ---I’m sorry he was rude to you. --- It doesn’t bother me.
      ② bother sb. that... Does it bother you that she earns more than you?
      ③ bother sb. to do... It bothers me to think of her alone at home.
      3) 打扰 插话 bother sb Sorry to bother you, but...
      be bothered about sb./ sth 认为...重要 关心... I’m not bothered about what he thinks.
      n. 麻烦 困难(不可数) ---Thanks for your help. --- it was no bother.
      put sb. to bother get sb. /oneself into bother给某人添麻烦
      40. bottom at the bottom of… from the bottom of one’s heart
      41. break—broke –broken break out (战争、火灾、疾病等)爆发
      break down (车、机器等)坏掉、出故障;分解;(身体)垮掉;
      break in 打断;闯入 break up 破碎;(关系)破裂
      break away from 摆脱、脱离
      42. breath n. hold one’s breath take a deep breath out of breath breathe v.
      43. bring bring up bring down bring about bring in
      44. broken adj. speak in broken English a broken marriage
      45. ◎budget n. within / over budget 在预算内/超出预算 on a (tight) budget 缺少钱 拮据
      vt. ~ sth for ... 将...编入预算 ~$1,000,000 for education spending
      vi. ~ for 存钱 编预算 ~ for a holiday abroad
      46. build—built—built v. 建筑;建造 build up 增进、增强
      47. burn—burned—burned/--burnt—burnt 燃烧;晒黑、伤 burn down 烧毁
      burn…to the ground= completely destroyed 夷为平地 get burnt 被晒伤
      a burning candle 燃烧的蜡烛
      48. burst v. 突然发生burst—burst—burst
      burst out laughing/ crying = burst into laughter/ tears 突然大笑起来/痛哭起来
      49. bury v. 埋葬bury—buried—buried—burying
      bury one’s face in the hands 手捂着脸 bury oneself in… = be buried in…
      50. business n. 生意;职责;(本分)工作 on business
      do business with sb. Business is business.
      It’s none of your business. 与你无关。 mind your own business 管好你自己的事
      51. busy adj. 忙的;忙碌的 be busy with sth. be busy (in) doing 忙于做 busily adv
      52. but conj.但是 prep.除了
      not…but… 不是…而是 we have no choice but to wait. 除了等待别无选择。
      We can do nothing but wait. 除了等待什么也不能做。
      but for 要不是、若没有(引导含虚拟语气的句子)But for your help, I would have failed.
      53. by by bus/car/plane/air/train/ship… 乘汽车/小汽车/飞机/火车/船
      高考英语考纲词汇3500词及解析:B开头的词汇,下面为广大考生整理最新高考复习资料,更多高考备考技巧也可关注下北京新东方优能中学的高考英语系列课程,相信可以帮助到大家。
      高考英语考纲词汇3500词及解析汇总
      B
      1. back adv.回(原处);向后 adj.后面的 n. 背后,后部;背
      back and forth 来回,往返; back to back 背靠背
      behind one’s back 背后; look back 回顾
      put back 放回去; turn one’s back on 避开,不理睬
      2. ◎backward adv. backward and forward 来来回回
      bend /lean over backward to do 竭尽全力去做…
      3. baggage n.行李 a piece of/an article of baggage
      4. ◎balance 1) n. ① 平衡 keep a balance (between A and B) lose one’s balance
      disturb the balance of one’s mind
      ② 余额 (常用单数) check your bank balance
      ③ 欠款(常用单数)The balance of 500 yuan must be paid within 90 days.
      短语 be/ hang in the balance 不明朗的,未定的, 悬而未决的
      catch / throw sb. off balance 使…失去平衡; 使…不知所措 on balance 总的来说
      2)v.①保持平衡 ~(sth)on sth balance on one leg
      He balanced the cup on her knee.
      ②同等重视 balance A with/ and B balance home life with career
      ③比较权衡 balance A against B balance the cost against its benefit
      balanced adj. be on a balanced diet
      5. ●ban n.禁令 v. 禁止,取缔 a ban on smoking 禁烟令
      place… under ban 对…加以禁止 ban sb. from sth./ doing 禁止某人做
      6. ◎bar 1) n. 条,块 a bar of chocolate / soap 障碍 Being a woman was a bar to promotion.
      2) vt. 封堵 All the doors and windows were barred.
      阻止 bar sb. from ... bar players from drinking
      7. bargain n. (经讨价还价之后)成交的商品;廉价货
      Those shoes are a real bargain at such a low price.v. 讨价还价 bargain with sb about /over sth
      8. base n. 根据地,基地 v.以...为基地, 把基地设在
      1) base sth on/upon sth 以…为基础 His book is based on a true story.
      2) be based in以...为基地,把基地设在 The toy company is based in Guangzhou.
      basic adj 基本的basic knowledge/skills basically adv.
      9. ◎basis (复数 bases )
      1)基础,要素 form the basis of…
      2) 基准,原则 on a regular /permanent basis 以定期的/永久的方式
      3) 原因,缘由 on the basis of… Some videos were banned on the basis of violence.
      10. bath n.洗澡;浴室;澡盆; have/take a bath
      bathe v. 洗澡,游泳 be bathed in …沉浸在,沐浴着(光线) bathroom n.浴室
      11. bear (bore, born/borne) v.
      1)承受 (重量) The ice is too thin to bear your weight.
      2) 负担, 承担 bear the cost/ burden/responsibility
      3)忍受;容忍 (常用于疑问句、否定句,与can, could 连用) bear to do/doing
      4) bear…in mind 记住
      12. beat v (beat ,beaten) 连续有节奏的敲击 My heart is beating faster than usual.
      Waves are beating the shore. 击败: He beat me in the game. ※ beat & hit &strike & knock
      13. before It will be +段时间+before+ do/does…要过多久才…
      It was +段时间+before+ did…没过多久就…
      14. beg 乞求,请求 beg—begged—begged—begging beg sb. to do 请求、乞求某人做某事
      I beg your pardon. 对不起、请原谅(降调) 请再讲一遍(降调)
      15. begin—began—begun—beginning begin with=start with 以…开始
      to begin with=to start with (插入语)首先、第一
      I don’t like living here. To begin with, the room is far too small.
      16. beginning n.开始,开端 at the beginning of… in the beginning= at first
      17. ◎behave v. 表现 He behaved as if nothing had happened.
      behave badly/well/like a true gentleman
      behave oneself 表现得体,有礼貌 well / badly behaved children
      18. ◎ behavior n. 不可数 good/ bad behavior
      be on your best behavior 尽量表现得体
      19. behind drop/ fall behind 落后 leave sb./sth. behind 遗落、忘带
      20. ◎belief n. (不可数) 1)相信,信心 belief in I admire his belief in what he is doing.
      2) 看法,信念 (不可数) He acted in the belief that he was doing good.
      There is a general belief that things will soon get better.
      3) 信仰 (可数 beliefs) religious/ political beliefs
      短语 beyond belief 难以置信 to the best of one’s belief 尽其所知
      21. believe believe it or not (插入语)信不信由你
      It is believed that he is a good teacher. =He is believed to be a good teacher.
      22. belong belong to 属于(无被动) The house belonging to her is under repair.
      23. bend v. 弯曲、弯腰、伏案 bend—bent—bent
      She was bent over her desk writing a letter. 她正伏案写信。
      24. ◎benefit 1) n. 优势,益处(不可数)She didn’t get much benefit from her staying abroad.
      短语: be of benefit to...=be beneficial to ... to one’s benefit 对某人有利
      for one’s benefit = for the benefit of sb. 为了帮助.../为了某人的利益
      2) vt./ vi. benefit sb./ sth benefit from/ by...
      beneficial adj. 有益的,有用的 be beneficial to ...
      25. best do/ try one’s best to do 尽全力做 make the best of…尽量利用
      all the best (书信结语)一切顺利、万事如意
      26. better had better do…最好做… 否定:had better not do
      be better worth reading 更值得读 be better known 更著名的
      27. beyond 超出、超过 beyond one’s imagination/description 难以想象/描述
      beyond one’s power 超出能力范围 beyond my wildest dreams 做梦也没想到
      28. ●bid –bid- bid- bidding v. 出价,投标 n 投标 bid for sth.
      I bid 2000 dollars for the painting. 我出价20000美元买这幅画。
      The highest bid for the picture was 20000. 这幅画的最高出价是两万
      29. birth n.出生、诞生 at birth 出生时 give birth to 生下、孕育了
      30. biscuit 饼干c/n some chocolate biscuits
      31. bit 1) a bit of+不可数n.= a little +不可数n. He can speak a bit of French.
      2) a bit/a little +比较级 a bit more slowly 3) not a bit=not at all 一点儿也不、毫不
      32. blame 1)be to blame 应该受到责备(主动表被动) 2) blame sb. for doing→sb. be blamed for …
      33.◎blank
      1) n. 空白处,空格 fill in the blanks
      (记忆中的)空白,遗忘 My mind was a blank and I couldn’t remember her name.
      2) adj. 空白的,无装饰的,无图画的 a blank form/ wall
      不理解的,没表情的,空虚的 a blank expression Suddenly my mind went blank.
      34. be blind to 对…视而不见、熟视无睹 =turn a blind eye to
      35. blow v. (blew blown) 吹、刮 blow down 吹倒 blow up 爆炸、炸毁
      n. 打击 give sb. a blow 给某人打击
      36. board n. 木板、布告牌 v. 登上 on board 在船(车、飞机) board a train 上火车
      37. book c/n 书 v. 预定(车、船)票 book a room/ ticket
      38. ◎bored adj. be bored with... / to death. boring adj. a boring job /book/man
      39. ◎bother vt./vi. 1) 花费时间精力做某事(常用于否定句,疑问句中)
      ① bother with/ about sth ---Shall I wait? ---No, don’t bother.
      It’s not worth bothering with an umbrella.
      ② bother to do He didn’t even bother to let me know he was coming.
      ③ bother doing Why bother asking if you are not really interested?
      2) 给...造成麻烦,痛苦 使...烦恼,担忧
      ① bother sb with/ about... I don’t want to bother her with my problems.
      ---I’m sorry he was rude to you. --- It doesn’t bother me.
      ② bother sb. that... Does it bother you that she earns more than you?
      ③ bother sb. to do... It bothers me to think of her alone at home.
      3) 打扰 插话 bother sb Sorry to bother you, but...
      be bothered about sb./ sth 认为...重要 关心... I’m not bothered about what he thinks.
      n. 麻烦 困难(不可数) ---Thanks for your help. --- it was no bother.
      put sb. to bother get sb. /oneself into bother给某人添麻烦
      40. bottom at the bottom of… from the bottom of one’s heart
      41. break—broke –broken break out (战争、火灾、疾病等)爆发
      break down (车、机器等)坏掉、出故障;分解;(身体)垮掉;
      break in 打断;闯入 break up 破碎;(关系)破裂
      break away from 摆脱、脱离
      42. breath n. hold one’s breath take a deep breath out of breath breathe v.
      43. bring bring up bring down bring about bring in
      44. broken adj. speak in broken English a broken marriage
      45. ◎budget n. within / over budget 在预算内/超出预算 on a (tight) budget 缺少钱 拮据
      vt. ~ sth for ... 将...编入预算 ~$1,000,000 for education spending
      vi. ~ for 存钱 编预算 ~ for a holiday abroad
      46. build—built—built v. 建筑;建造 build up 增进、增强
      47. burn—burned—burned/--burnt—burnt 燃烧;晒黑、伤 burn down 烧毁
      burn…to the ground= completely destroyed 夷为平地 get burnt 被晒伤
      a burning candle 燃烧的蜡烛
      48. burst v. 突然发生burst—burst—burst
      burst out laughing/ crying = burst into laughter/ tears 突然大笑起来/痛哭起来
      49. bury v. 埋葬bury—buried—buried—burying
      bury one’s face in the hands 手捂着脸 bury oneself in… = be buried in…
      50. business n. 生意;职责;(本分)工作 on business
      do business with sb. Business is business.
      It’s none of your business. 与你无关。 mind your own business 管好你自己的事
      51. busy adj. 忙的;忙碌的 be busy with sth. be busy (in) doing 忙于做 busily adv
      52. but conj.但是 prep.除了
      not…but… 不是…而是 we have no choice but to wait. 除了等待别无选择。
      We can do nothing but wait. 除了等待什么也不能做。
      but for 要不是、若没有(引导含虚拟语气的句子)But for your help, I would have failed.
      53. by by bus/car/plane/air/train/ship… 乘汽车/小汽车/飞机/火车/船
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